Tous les drapeaux . XYZ

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Color sorting of flags

The color is the first of the characteristics of the flags, and especially the most symbolic. Moreover, we do not say to speak about it, "the hello to the colors" or "the rise of the colors".
The first function of flags was to distinguish armies on battlefields. As such, the color is very important because it is the one that allows the best and the fastest to distinguish its camps and enemy lines.
The first flags were single-color, which is the easiest to manufacture. 1000 years ago, the very limited number of active flags allowed it. Later, as the number of flags increased and manufacturing techniques improved, the flags evolved. Appearance of two, three colors ...
Then addition of ornamentation, first cross crusades and decorations more and more sophisticated.

Colors have more symbolic meanings that can be local or national. However, we often find quite similar meanings for each color.

Monocolour flag

Black flags

In the West, black represents death, mourning, darkness or even fear and chaos. For this reason it is found in some flags to evoke the dark hours that the country has known as for example Estonia. Black is also used in many African flags to evoke negritude. He is also associated with Islam in pan-Arab flags.

rashidun_632_661
caliphate Rashidun ( 632 - 661 )
abbasside_750_1258
Abbasid dynasty ( 750 - 1258 )
mahdiyah_1885_1899
The Mahdiyah (Sudan Mahdist) ( 1885 - 1899 )
afghanistan_1880_1901
Emirate of Afghanistan ( 1880 - 1901 )
 khwarezm_shahs_1077_1231
Turkish-Persian dynasty of Khwazrezm-Shahs ( 1077 - 1231 )
anarchie
anarchist movement.

Green flags

Green often represents vegetation and agriculture. In Western culture, it is a positive color associated with hope and luck. This color is also one of the symbols of Islam found in all pan-Arab flags.

fatimide
dynasty of the Fatimids (979 - 1171)
libye_1977_2011
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya popular and socialist (1977 - 2011)
ziride
Zirid dynasty (972 - 1148)
ziride
Department of Beni (Bolivia)

Yellow flags

Yellow is a joyous color used to represent joy, celebration or warmth. In a more figurative way, it represents the sun or sometimes the wheat fields (Ukraine) . It can also evoke gold, a mineral richness for Colombia or Venezuela. The yellow represents simply the sand beaches, tourist wealth of the country, for Bahamas or Barbados.

brunei_1906
Sultanate of Brunei before 1906
ayyoubides_1171_1341_XIX
Ayyubid dynasty (1171 - 1341)
maguindanao_XVI_XIX
Sultanate of Maguindanao between the sixteenth and the nineteenth century

Associated with the Blue Ensign in the flag of Niue, it evokes the sun.

niue
Island State of Niue

White flags

White is a positive color associated with peace and innocence. In a more figurative way, the white represents the snow in the flag of Lebanon. In the Arab countries, Vietnam, South Korea or India, white is the color of mourning. White is one of the pan-Arab colors.
In battles, the white flag is a sign of truce or surrender.

.
france_pavillon
French naval flag in the 17th and 18th century in 1814 and from 1815 to 1830
omeyyades_661_750
caliphate of the Umayyads (661 - 750)
afghanistan_96_97
Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (1996 - 1997)
blanc
white flag, sign of truce or surrender
jerusalem_1099_1162
Jerusalem (1099 - 1162)

Red flags

The red evokes violence, passion and prohibition. In the flags, the red often represents the blood and figuratively the struggles and sufferings of the people. Since the Russian Revolution, the red evokes communism.
It is the color that is most present in the flags, 75% of the flags contain. It is included in all flags bearing Pan-Arab, Pan-African or Pan-Slave colors.

ottoman_1383_1453
Ottoman Empire (1383 - 1453)
ayutthaya_1351_1767
Kingdom of Ayutthaya (Thaïlande) (1351 - 1767)
maldives_XIX
Sultanate of the Maldives before 1903
maroc_1666_1915
Sultanate of Morocco Alawite dynasty (1666 - 1915)
yemen_18_23
Mutawakkilite kingdom of Yemen (1918 - 1923)
hedjaz_16_17
Kingdom of Hejaz (Saudi Arabia) (1916 - 1917)
oman_XVIII_1970
Sultanate of Muscat and Oman from the 18th century to 1970
Muqdisho_Mogadiscio_1860
Sultanate of Muqdisho (Mogadishu) before 1860
cote_pirate_1786_1818
Pirate coast (1786 - 1818)
oruro
Department of Oruro (Bolivia)

Orange flags

Orange is a cheerful color, evoking heat, light and sun. Later, he was associated with the idea of ​​danger (orange light). The orange appeared only late and remains very little present in the flags.
There is also orange in the flags of Bhutan and Sri Lanka to talk about Buddhist religion.

marathe_1674_1819
Marathi Empire (India) (1674 - 1819)
hindu
Hindu Sindhi (Pakistan)

The orange flag of sports fans in the Netherlands is not a historic flag but only a sporting flag.

paybas_sup
Supporters of the Netherlands

Blue flag

Very rare flag of blue color, I only know this copy.

Cochabamba
Department of Cochabamba (Bolivia)

two-colored flags

Red and white flags

With 2 horizontal bands white and red

pologne
Poland
madagascar_1810_1885
Kingdom of Merina (1810 - 1885)
boheme_1198_1918
Kingdom of Bohemia (Czech Republic) (1198 - 1918)
tchequie_90_92
1st flag of the Czech Republic (1990 - 1992)
thuringe
Land of Thuringia (Germany)
haute_autriche
Upper Austria (Austria)
tyrol
Tyrol (Austria)
utrecht
Province of Utrecht (Netherlands)
groenland
Greenland (Denmark)

With 2 horizontal bands red and white

hesse
State of Hesse (Germany)
indonesie_200
Indonesia
singapour
Singapore
galicie_lodomerie_1772_1918
Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria (1772 - 1918)
courlande
duchy of Courland (1561 - 1795)
monaco
Monaco
alsace
Alsace the "Rot a Wiss" (red and white)
salzbourg
Salzburg (Austria)
vienne
Vienna (Austria)
vorarlberg
Vorarlberg (Austria)
indonesie_49_65
Islamic state of Indonesia (1949 - 1965)
tarija
Department of Tarija (Bolivia)
soleure
canton of Solothurn (Switzerland)

Other red and white flags

autriche
Austria
bahrein
Bahrain
brabant
Province of North Brabant (Netherlands)
canada
Canada
danemark
Denmark
georgie
Georgia
japon
Japan
lettonie
Latvia
perou
Peru
suisse
Switzerland
tonga
Tonga
turquie
Turkey
tunisie
Tunisia
akita
Akita Prefecture (Japan)
saitama
Saitama Prefecture (Japan)
kanagawa
Kanagawa Prefecture (Japon)
oita
Prefecture of Ōita (Japan)
okinawa
Okinawa Prefecture (Japan)
potosi
Department of Potosí (Bolivia)
chuquisaca
Department of Chuquisaca (Bolivia)
schwytz
canton of Schwyz (Switzerland)
atlantico
Department of Atlántico (Colombia)

Blue and white flags

National blue and white flags

Finland
Finland
grece
Greece
honduras
Honduras
israel
Israel
micronesie
Micronesia
somalie
Somalia

With 2 white and blue horizontal stripes

baviere
State of Bavaria (Germany)
lucerne
Canton of Lucerne (Switzerland)

With 2 blue and white horizontal stripes

valle
Department of Valle del Cauca (Colombia)

Blue flags with white decor

yamagata
Yamagata Prefecture (Japan)
ishikawa
Prefecture of Ishikawa (Japan)
fukui
Prefecture of Fukui (Japan)
shiga
Shiga Prefecture (Japan)
osaka
Prefecture of Osaka (Japan)
hyogo
Hyogo Prefecture (Japan)
tottori
Tottori Prefecture (Japan)
fukuoka
Prefecture of Fukuoka (Japan)
andres
San Andrés, Providencia y Santa Catalina Archipelago (Colombia)

White flags with blue decor

wakayama
Prefecture of Wakayama (Japan)
nagasaki
Nagasaki Prefecture (Japan)
zurich
Canton of Zurich (Switzerland)
zoug
canton of Zug (Switzerland)

Blue and white flags of South and Central America

By exception, because they do not only contain blue and white, we will also describe the flags of Central and South America, inherited from the United Provinces of Central America and the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata.

Current countries that have kept these colors
argentine
Argentina
guatemala
Guatemala
honduras
Honduras
nicaragua
Nicaragua
salvador
Salvador
uruguay
Uruguay
United Provinces of Central America
amerique_centrale_1823_1839
Federal Republic of Central America (1821 - 1822) then (1824 - 1841)
PUAC1824
United Provinces of Central America (1823 - 1824) then (1842 - 1844)
amerique_centrale_1896_1898
Great Republic of Central America (1896 - 1898)
United Provinces of Río de la Plata
plata_17810_1835
United Provinces of Río de la Plata (1810 - 1835)
argentine_1819_1831
United Provinces of Río de la Plata (1819 - 1831)
argentine_1831_1850
Argentine Confederation (1831 - 1850)
argentine_1850_1861
Argentine Confederation (1850 - 1861)

Green and white flags

National green and white flags

arabie_saoudite
Saudi Arabia
nigeria
Nigeria
pakistan
Pakistan

With 2 horizontal bands white and green

saxe
Saxony (Germany)
styrie
Styria (Austria)
pando
Department of Pando (Bolivia)
vaud
Canton of Vaud (Switzerland)
antioquia
Department of Antioquia (Colombia)
vaupes
Department of Vaupés (Colombia)

With 2 horizontal bands green and white

guajira
Department of La Guajira (Colombia)

White flags with green decor

aomori
Aomori Prefecture (Japan)
toyama
Toyama Prefecture (Japan)
gifu
Gifu Prefecture (Japan)

Green flags with white decor

miyagi
Prefecture of Miyagi (Japan)
tochigi
Tochigi Prefecture (Japan)
mie
Prefecture of Mie (Japan)
kagawa
Kagawa Prefecture (Japan)
baloutchistan
Balochistan (Pakistan)
sind
Sind (Pakistan)
khyber
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Pakistan)
pendjab
Punjab (Pakistan)
gilgit
Gilgit-Baltistan (Pakistan)
cruz
Department of Santa Cruz (Bolivia)
gall
Canton of St. Gallen (Switzerland)
cesar
Department of Cesar (Colombia)
meta
Department of Meta (Colombia)
risaralda
Department of Risaralda (Colombia)

Brown / crimson and white flags

lettonie
Latvia
qatar
Qatar
aichi
Aichi Prefecture (Japan)
nara
Prefecture of Nara (Japan)
hiroshima
Hiroshima Prefecture (Japan)v
yamaguchi
Yamaguchi Prefecture (Japan)
kochi
Prefecture of Kochi (Japan)
kumamoto
Kumamoto Prefecture (Japan)

Orange and white flags

Rare enough color and rather late, the orange appears especially on the flags of prefectures of Japan.

fukushima
Prefecture of Fukushima (Japan)
nagano
Nagano Prefecture (Japan)

Red and yellow flags

Soviet Union

urss_80_91

USSR

A first series of flags refer to the Soviet Union. Red flag with a hammer and a yellow sickle topped with a yellow star.
To see all the flags of the Soviet Socialist Republics, see USSR .

chine
China
kirghizistan
Kyrgyzstan
macedoine
North Macedonia
viet_nam
Vietnam

Kingdom of Aragon and Barcelona County

Red and yellow are the colors of the kingdom of Aragon and the county of Barcelona, they will be included in the flags of Spain, Andorra, Catalonia and some other Spanish provinces. They are also found in parts of southern France that have been related to them at some point in their history.

aragon

Kingdoms of Aragon and Catalonia

Spain and Andorra take back these two colors

espagne
Spain
andorre
Principality of Andorra

Old French regions

foix
County of Foix
languedoc
Languedoc
provence
Provence
roussillon
Roussillon
bearn
Béarn
poitou
Contested flag of Poitou

Other red and yellow flags

niigata
Niigata Prefecture (Japan)
pirkanmaa
Pirkanmaa (Finland)
shimane
Prefecture of Shimane (Japan)
tolima
Department of Tolima (Colombia)
burgenland
Burgenland (Austria)

Blue and yellow flags

National green and white flags

kazakhsthan
Kazakhstan
palaos
Palau
ukraine
Ukraine

With 2 horizontal bands blue and yellow

basse_autriche
Lower Austria (Austria)
opole
Voivodeship of Opole (Poland)

Other blue and yellow flags

silesie
Silesian Voivodeship (Poland)
tokushima
Tokushima Prefecture (Japan)
paijat
Päijät-Häme (Finland)

Green and red flags

National green and red flags

bangaldesh
Bangladesh
maroc
Morocco

With 2 horizontal bands red and green

paz
Department of La Paz (Bolivia)
arauca
Department of Arauca (Colombia)

Red and blue flags

tessin
canton of Ticino (Switzerland)

Green and yellow flags

With 2 horizontal bands yellow and green

narino
Department of Nariño (Colombia)
vichada
Department of Vichada (Colombia)

Other yellow and green flags

mauritanie_59_17
Mauritania (1959 - 2017)
miyazaki
Prefecture of Miyazaki (Japan)
kainuu
Kainuu (Finland)
caldas
Department of Caldas (Colombia)
cauca
Department of Cauca (Colombia)

Red and black flags

albanie
Albania

Yellow and black flags

wurtemberg
State of Baden-Württemberg (Germany)
autriche_empire
Empire of Austria (1867 - 1918)
anhalt
State of Saxony-Anhalt (Germany)
schaffhouse
Canton of Schaffhausen (Switzerland)

White and black flags

fribourg
Canton of Friborg (Switzerland)
bale_ville
Canton of Basel-Stadt (Switzerland)
pahang
State of Pahang (Malaysia)
bahamas_cors
Corsairs republic 1706 - 1718 (Bahamas)

Flags with violet color

This color is very rare, in the national flags currently in operation, we find in the flag of Dominica. It is also found in regional flags such as Japanese prefectures.

dominique dominique_perroquet
Dominique
ibaraki
Prefecture of Ibaraki (Japan)
gunma
Gunma Prefecture (Japan)
tokyo
Tokyo Prefecture (Japan)
okayama
Okayama Prefecture (Japan)
quindio
Department of Quindío (Colombia)

Current flags in 5 colors

antigua
Antigua and Barbuda
centrafrique
Central African Republic
comores
Comoros
guyana
Guyana
mozambique
Mozambique
namibie
Namibia
portugal
Portugal
seychelles
Seychelles
swaziland
Eswatini
tuvalu
Tuvalu
zimbabwe
Zimbabwe

Current flags in 6 colors

afrique_sud
South Africa
dominique
Dominica
soudan_sud
South Sudan

Current flags in 8 colors

juif
Jewish Autonomous Oblast (Russia)

Historic pan-African colors

It is necessary to distinguish the traditional colors and the official colors. The traditional colors are green, yellow and red. It’s colors are taken from the Ethiopian flag, 1 er country to free themselves from the colonial occupation of Italy. The official colors of panafricanism, defined are red, black and green.

Traditional pan-African colors

benin
Benin
burkina_faso
Burkin Faso
cameroun
Cameroon
centrafrique
Central African Republic
congo
Congo
ethiopie
Ethiopia
ghana
Ghana
guinee
Guinea
guinee_bisssau
Guinea-Bissau
mali
Mali
sao_tome
Sao Tome and Principe
senegal
Senegal
togo
Togo

Official pan-African colors

panafrique
Official flag of pan-africanism

kenya
Kenya
malawi
Malawi
mozambique
Mozambique
rwanda_62_01
1st flag of Rwanda (1962 - 2001)
afrique_sud
South Africa
soudan_sud
South Sudan
zambie
Zambia
zimbabwe
Zimbabwe

Pan-African colors in non-African flags

These flags generally correspond to countries with a large black population and claiming this origin. This population has often arrived as a slave in the nineteenth century and has conquered since independence.

guyana
Guyana
saint_christophe
Saint Kitts and Nevis
guyane
Guyana (2010 - 2015)

Panarabic colors

These colors are red, green, white and black.
The red color is that of the Hashemite house of Muhammad, the green comes from the Fatimid dynasty, the white comes from that of the Umayyads and the black from that of the Abbassids.

afghanistan2013
Afghanistan (2013 - 2021)
egypte
Egypt
emirats_arabes_unis
United Arab Emirates
irak
Iraq
iran
Iran
jordanie
Jordan
koweit
Kuwait
libye
Libya
oman
Oman
palestine
Palestine
soudan
Sudan
soudan_sud
South Sudan
syrie
Syria
tadjikistan
Tajikistan
yemen
Yemen

Balcony colors

These colors, taken from the Russian flag, are white, blue and red.
- The red color meant in the Byzantine tradition "sovereignty" and "power",
- The blue color that of "the Virgin Mother", protecting Russia,
- The white color that of "freedom" and "independence".
Today, the interpretation has become:
The white color means peace, purity, innocence and perfection, the blue color is the color of faith and fidelity, permanence and the red color symbolizes energy, strength, blood shed for the Fatherland. [1]

russie
Russie

Current national flags

croatie
Croatia
serbie
Serbia
slovaquie
Slovakia
slovenie
Slovenia
tchequie
Tchequie
royaume_serbes_croates_slovenes
Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes between 1918 and 1929
yougoslavie_45_91
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia between 1945 and 1992

Some historical flagsDH

russie2_14_17
Russia (1914 - 1917)
boheme_moravie_39_45
Bohemia and Moravia (1939 - 1945)
tchecoslovaquie_18_39_45_92
Czechoslovakia (1918 - 1992)
roumelieO_1878_1885
Eastern Roumelia (1878 - 1885)
yougoslavie_45_92
Yugoslavia (1945 - 1992)
serbie_montenegro_92_03
Serbia and Montenegro (1992 - 2003)
Category Vexillological site
Developped by John Duff
Created the 11-10-2019
Last update 27-02-2021
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