The color is the first of the characteristics of the flags, and especially the most symbolic. Moreover, we do not say to speak about it, "the hello to the colors" or "the rise of the colors".
The first function of flags was to distinguish armies on battlefields. As such, the color is very important because it is the one that allows the best and the fastest to distinguish its camps and enemy lines.
The first flags were single-color, which is the easiest to manufacture. 1000 years ago, the very limited number of active flags allowed it. Later, as the number of flags increased and manufacturing techniques improved, the flags evolved. Appearance of two, three colors ... Then addition of ornamentation, first cross crusades and decorations more and more sophisticated.
Colors have more symbolic meanings that can be local or national. However, we often find quite similar meanings for each color.
In the West, black represents death, mourning, darkness or even fear and chaos. For this reason it is found in some flags to evoke the dark hours that the country has known as for example Estonia.
Black is also used in many African flags to evoke negritude. He is also associated with Islam in pan-Arab flags.
Green often represents vegetation and agriculture. In Western culture, it is a positive color associated with hope and luck.
This color is also one of the symbols of Islam found in all pan-Arab flags.
Yellow is a joyous color used to represent joy, celebration or warmth. In a more figurative way, it represents the sun or sometimes the wheat fields (Ukraine) . It can also evoke gold, a mineral richness for Colombia or Venezuela. The yellow represents simply the sand beaches, tourist wealth of the country, for Bahamas or Barbados.
Associated with the Blue Ensign in the flag of Niue, it evokes the sun.
White is a positive color associated with peace and innocence. In a more figurative way, the white represents the snow in the flag of Lebanon.
In the Arab countries, Vietnam, South Korea or India, white is the color of mourning.
White is one of the pan-Arab colors. In battles, the white flag is a sign of truce or surrender.
The red evokes violence, passion and prohibition. In the flags, the red often represents the blood and figuratively the struggles and sufferings of the people.
Since the Russian Revolution, the red evokes communism. It is the color that is most present in the flags, 75% of the flags contain. It is included in all flags bearing Pan-Arab, Pan-African or Pan-Slave colors.
Orange is a cheerful color, evoking heat, light and sun. Later, he was associated with the idea of danger (orange light). The orange appeared only late and remains very little present in the flags.
There is also orange in the flags of Bhutan and Sri Lanka to talk about Buddhist religion.
The orange flag of sports fans in the Netherlands is not a historic flag but only a sporting flag.
Very rare flag of blue color, I only know this copy.
Rare enough color and rather late, the orange appears especially on the flags of prefectures of Japan.
Red and yellow flags
A first series of flags refer to the Soviet Union. Red flag with a hammer and a yellow sickle topped with a yellow star. To see all the flags of the Soviet Socialist Republics, see USSR .
Kingdom of Aragon and Barcelona County
Red and yellow are the colors of the kingdom of Aragon and the county of Barcelona, they will be included in the flags of Spain, Andorra, Catalonia and some other Spanish provinces. They are also found in parts of southern France that have been related to them at some point in their history.
Kingdoms of Aragon and Catalonia
Spain and Andorra take back these two colors
Old French regions
Other red and yellow flags
Blue and yellow flags
National green and white flags
With 2 horizontal bands blue and yellow
Other blue and yellow flags
Green and red flags
National green and red flags
With 2 horizontal bands red and green
Red and blue flags
Green and yellow flags
With 2 horizontal bands yellow and green
Other yellow and green flags
Red and black flags
Yellow and black flags
White and black flags
Flags with violet color
This color is very rare, in the national flags currently in operation, we find in the flag of Dominica. It is also found in regional flags such as Japanese prefectures.
Current flags in 5 colors
Current flags in 6 colors
Current flags in 8 colors
Historic pan-African colors
It is necessary to distinguish the traditional colors and the official colors. The traditional colors are green, yellow and red. It’s colors are taken from the Ethiopian flag, 1 er country to free themselves from the colonial occupation of Italy.
The official colors of panafricanism, defined are red, black and green.
Traditional pan-African colors
Official pan-African colors
Pan-African colors in non-African flags
These flags generally correspond to countries with a large black population and claiming this origin. This population has often arrived as a slave in the nineteenth century and has conquered since independence.
These colors are red, green, white and black.
The red color is that of the Hashemite house of Muhammad, the green comes from the Fatimid dynasty, the white comes from that of the Umayyads and the black from that of the Abbassids.
These colors, taken from the Russian flag, are white, blue and red.
- The red color meant in the Byzantine tradition "sovereignty" and "power",
- The blue color that of "the Virgin Mother", protecting Russia,
- The white color that of "freedom" and "independence".
Today, the interpretation has become:
The white color means peace, purity, innocence and perfection, the blue color is the color of faith and fidelity,
permanence and the red color symbolizes energy, strength, blood shed for the Fatherland.